Large parts of the border between Carinthia and Slovenia are formed by the chain of the Karawank Mountains. On both sides, there are streams and rivers which belong to the bioregion of the Southern Alps. In the Water Framework Directive the bioregion Southern Alps represents the southernmost part of the European Alps. The predominant geological component in this area is chalk.
The aim of the project KARAFISH (Altitude occurrence of the brown trout and occurrence of the bullhead in the Karawank Mountains) is to find the upper level of occurrence of the brown trout and to research its genetic variation. In In the Water Framework Directive there only exists an inadequate classification of bullheads for this bioregion. As a result the occurrence of the bullhead will be researched additionally.
SILMAS (Sustainable Instruments for Lakes Managements in the Alpine Space) can be seen as a successful connection to the project ALPLAKES in the European Alpine Space Programme.
14 partners out of 5 countries (D, F, I, AUT, SLO) under the lead-partnership of the Rhône-Alpes region (F) take part in this SILMAS project.
Natural and artificial lakes form the European Alpine region. These precious resources and their surroundings are to be protected. It is high time to collect the consequences and effects of the climate changes on a regional level. With the General Water Standards (GWS) the EU has passed an extensive arrangement for the conservation and restoration of a good ecological condition of these lakes. The purpose of SILMAS is to value the different methods for the observance of these standards as the GWS, the Natura 2000 or the Alps Convention that are applied by the countries for Alpine lakes and their surroundings or even to correct them or create new methods. The valuation of existing methods and control gears for the utilization of land and resources helps politicians to decide. Correctional environment measures for all age groups complete the project.
Aim of the EU project Alp Water Scarce was to establish water management strategies against water scarcity in the Alps.
As part of this project an early warning system was developed, which points out water scarcity in the Alpine Space and proposes counter-measures. Therefore an enhanced monitoring programme was established. Furthermore qualitative and quantitative data from the pilot regions in France, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland and Austria were analysed.